It is a procedure involving the use of treatments aimed at the destruction or inhibition of the growth of microorganisms. Destruction of all, both vegetative and spore and spore forms of microorganisms. Correctly sterilized material is sterile – it does not contain any live microorganisms (including viruses) and their spore forms.
Top-quality pressure apparatus
At the Dental Fraternity clinic, pressure-saturated steam sterilization is used. Steam sterilization is carried out in autoclaves (pressure apparatuses) equipped with temperature and pressure measuring instruments and appropriate safety elements (valves). Steam sterilization is one of the best ways to decontaminate tools and instruments today. Our clinic is equipped with the highest quality pressure apparatus made of the best quality materials and components, which guarantees reliability and operational reliability.
The sterilization process must be constantly monitored to ensure its biological, physical and chemical quality. The physical indicators we use are thermometers, control charts, menometers, and light indicators for determining the technical condition of the device.
Autoclaves are equipped with devices recording these parameters. Chemical indicators show that the parameters of the sterilization process have been achieved by changing the color of the substances contained in them. They are divided into external ones – quickly changing color, they are placed outside each package, they prove that the sterilization process has taken place. And on the inside, which are put inside the package. These, in turn, change color slowly, providing information about the achievement of all sterilization parameters.
Finally, biological indicators are used to determine to what extent microorganisms and their spores are destroyed in the sterilization process. These indicators contain spores of selected bacterial strains that are highly resistant to a specific sterilizing agent. In biological control, we distinguish between external – carried out by the sanitary and epidemiological station once a quarter, and internal, which is carried out by the user of the autoclave at least once a month and after each repair of the equipment.
The sterilized packages must be stored in designated drawers or cupboards so that they do not break. Packages with damaged packaging are considered non-sterile. The temperature in the rooms where sterile packets are stored should be approx. 23 ° C, and the air humidity should be close to 50 ° C.